Is there a thyroid diet?
Your thyroid functions so smoothly that you forget it’s there. This, butterfly-shaped gland that sits at the base of your neck. It helps in regulating your metabolism, heartbeat, temperature, and more.
When the gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone (TH) it brings on weight gain, depression, sluggishness, and increased sensitivity to cold. An overactive thyroid (too much TH) can cause sudden weight loss, sweating, irregular heartbeat, irritability and nervousness.
As genetics, an autoimmune condition, stress, and environmental toxins cannot be controlled easy, you can go to the next factor, which is your diet that you can completely control.
Here is a specification of the foods that may help you to control your diet, if you are facing thyroid problems.
- Best: Seaweed
The most important component for the thyroid to work properly is iodine, which helps in producing enough TH for your body’s needs. The lack of iodine, can cause hypothyroidism or a goitre (enlarged gland) and make up for the shortage of thyroid hormone.
The seaweeds are rich in iodine (According to the National Institutes of Health, a 1-gram portion can contain anywhere from 11% to a whopping 1,989% of your percent daily value).
However, too much iodine can be just as harmful to your thyroid as too little, as it triggers hypothyroidism, which should warn you to not go overboard with seaweed
- Best: Yogurt
Dairy products are also full of iodine, as a result of given iodine supplements to livestock and involving the iodine-based cleaners to the milking process.
Recommended: plain, low-fat yogurt, or Greek yogurt, which make up about 50% of your daily intake of iodine.
- Best: Brazil nuts
Brazil nuts are rich in selenium that, also helps regulate thyroid hormones. In addition, it may also help to get rid of long-term thyroid damage in people with thyroid-related problems.
Just one kernel contains 96 micrograms of selenium (almost double of the daily recommended intake of 55 micrograms). Don’t go over the limit of 400 micrograms a day, as you can get heart failure, discolored nails and hair loss.
- Best Milk
The consumption of dairy has been on the decline for decades, for many reasons.
Only 1 cup of low-fat milk, will provide you with about one-third of your daily iodine needs. You can also, opt for a glass that’s been fortified with vitamin D.
- Best: Chicken and beef
The next key nutrient for your thyroid is zinc, which your body needs to churn out TH. A lack of zinc leads to hypothyroidism, when, you may experience side effects like severe alopecia, an autoimmune condition that attacks hair follicles and makes it fall out in clumps.
Good sources: One 3-ounce serving of beef chuck roast contains 7 milligrams; a 3-ounce serving of dark chicken meat contains 2.4 milligrams and 3-ounce beef patty contains 3 milligrams.
- Best: Fish
Fish are another good source of iodine thanks to the soils and seawater. In fact, the scientists found that the people who live in remote, mountainous regions with no access to the sea are at bigger risk for goitres.
– One 3-ounce serving of baked cod contains about 99 micrograms of iodine
– Canned tuna of 3-ounce serving runs about 17 micrograms
– One 3-ounce serving of canned yellowfin tuna also contains 92 micrograms of selenium.
- Best: Shellfish
As a general rule, shellfish like lobster and shrimp are good sources of iodine,
– 3 ounces of shrimp (about 4 or 5 pieces) contains more than 20% of your recommended intake.
– Shellfish can also be a good source of zinc, too (3 ounces of Alaskan crab contain 6.5 and lobster 3.4 milligrams of zinc)
- Best: Eggs
In fact, one large egg contains about 16% of the iodine and 20% of the selenium you daily need, making them a thyroid superfood.
Eat the whole egg if you are not instructed differently from your doctor.
- Best: Berries
They provide iodine, selenium, and vitamin D, as well as they, are high in antioxidants, which are also good for your thyroid (as the people with hypothyroidism have higher levels of harmful free radicals than those without that condition).
Berries are rich in antioxidants (among 3,000 foods in one study was found that wild strawberries, blackberries, goji berries, and cranberries ranked especially high).
- Worst: Gluten
The people with celiac disease have higher rates of thyroid problems, according to a 2007 report by researchers in the United Kingdom.
Recommendation: to eat a gluten-free diet that helps control the symptoms, which may also help protect the thyroid gland
- Worst: Processed foods
More than 75% of our dietary sodium intake comes from pre-packaged and processed foods, and you’d probably be surprised to learn just how many foods are actually just hidden salt traps.
Too much sodium can set you up for high blood pressure and heart disease, rather than iodine.
- Worst: Fast food
Fast food chains are similar to processed foods and aren’t required to use iodized salt in their foods.