One of the important roles that hormones play in the human body is controlling the body weight.
For instance, they influence your cravings, your appetite and burning or storing the fat.
In the article bellow you’ll find out how to fix them:
The insulin that is produced by the beta cells of your pancreas, is responsible for providing an energy to your cells from the blood sugar. As that is the main reason of fat storage in your body, you should minimize or avoid your sugar intake to manage your insulin levels.
The fat cells in your body produce leptin, which role is to communicate with the hypothalamus, the part of the brain responsible for balancing appetite and food intake. If your body is resistant to leptin, because of your craving to eat more, you can be at risk of obesity. The reasons why it happened can be inflammation in the hypothalamus and chronically elevated levels of insulin. How to fix: Avoid fatty fish and sugary drinks to minimize or get rid of leptin resistance. In addition, exercise regularly.
This hormone is called, also a “hunger hormone” Its role is to send a message to the hypothalamus telling you to eat. By decreasing of the ghrelin level in your body, you can face the problem to be confused when to eat.
How to fix: Not every meal you eat should contain protein, which balances the ghrelin levels in your body.
The adrenal glands produced a hormone called a “stress hormone”, which raises the levels of cortisol in your body.
How to fix: Try to sleep more and don’t cut calories to extremely low levels. That is a way how to curb stress and stress eating.
This hormone is produced by the ovaries and is known as a female sex hormone. Imbalance of the levels (high or low) of estrogen can cause weight gain.
How to fix: The foods with plenty of fiber and other cruciferous vegetables can help you to bring your estrogen levels balanced.
- Neuropeptide Y:
The cells in the brain produce this hormone, which is responsible for stimulating appetite. Especially it increases during periods of food deprivation and fasting.
How to fix: avoid fasting for too long and eat enough protein to lower the levels of NPY in your body.
- Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1):
When nutrients enter the intestines, this hormone is produced in your gut. Its role is to keep blood sugar levels stable and makes you feel full. If the levels of GLP-1 are deficient it can make you feel hungry very often.
How to fix: Eat high protein foods like yogurt, fish and whey protein, because they can increase the levels of GLP-1 and increase insulin sensitivity.
- Cholecystokinin (CCK):
The cells in your gut produce this satiety hormone, too.
How to fix: The foods rich in protein and healthy fats can be your option.
- Peptide YY (PYY):
The gut produces one more hormone that controls appetite that is Peptide YY. It is releasing by cells in the colon and intestines.
How to fix: Eating low-carb diet, plenty of fiber and protein can increase the levels of PYY.